A novel Ile1455Thr variant in the skeletal muscle sodium channel alpha-subunit in a patient with a severe adult-onset proximal myopathy with electrical myotonia and a patient with mild paramyotonia phenotype
SourceNeuromuscular Disorders, 27, 2, (2017), pp. 175-182
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 12: Sensory disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
In sodium channelopathies, a severe fixed myopathy caused by a dominant mutation is rare. We describe two unrelated patients with a novel variant, p.Ile1455Thr, with phenotypes of paramyotonia in one case and fixed proximal myopathy with latent myotonia in another. In-vitro whole cell patch-clamp studies show that the mutation slows inactivation and accelerates recovery, in line with other paramyotonia variants with destabilized fast inactivation as pathomechanism. Additionally, p.IleI1455 causes a loss-of-function by reduced membrane insertion, right-shift of activation, and slowed kinetics. Molecular dynamics simulations comparing wild type and mutant Nav1.4 showed that threonine substitution hindered D4S4 mobility in response to membrane depolarization, consistent with effects of the mutation on channel inactivation. The fixed myopathy is likely to be associated to gain-of-function leading to sodium accumulation, regional edema, T-tubular swelling and mitochondrial stress. A possible contribution of the loss-of-function features towards myotonia and myopathy is discussed.
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