The attraction of sugar: An association between Body Mass Index and impaired avoidance of sweet snacks
Number of pages
SourceJournal of Experimental Psychopathology, 8, 1, (2017), pp. 40-54
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI KLP
Journal of Experimental Psychopathology
SubjectExperimental Psychopathology and Treatment
The present study investigated implicit approach-avoidance action tendencies towards snack foods (pictorial Approach-Avoidance Task), and implicit approach-avoidance associations (verbal approach-avoidance Single-Target IAT) and affective associations (verbal positive-negative Single-Target IAT) with snack foods in a group of unselected student participants (N = 83). Participants with higher BMI scores had more difficulty to avoid sweet, but not salty snack foods on the Approach-Avoidance Task. Furthermore, as shown by both Single-Target IATs, there were no significant associations between BMI on the one hand and approach-avoidance associations and positive-negative affective associations on the other hand. BMI did show a positive correlation with errors made on all tasks. The results found on the Approach-Avoidance Task suggest that not increased approach, but impaired avoidance of snacks, might be related to increased BMI. However, more research is needed to further disentangle these findings.
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