Shape of magnifiers affects controllability in children with visual impairment
until further notice
Number of pages
SourceActa Ophthalmologica (2008), 94, 8, (2016), pp. 761-767
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI ON
SW OZ DCC CO
Acta Ophthalmologica (2008)
SubjectAction, intention, and motor control; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 2: Perception, Action and Control; Radboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Social Development
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the controllability of cylinder-shaped and dome-shaped magnifiers in young children with visual impairment. METHODS: This study investigates goal-directed arm movements in low-vision aid use (stand and dome magnifier-like object) in a group of young children with visual impairment (n = 56) compared to a group of children with normal sight (n = 66). Children with visual impairment and children with normal sight aged 4-8 years executed two types of movements (cyclic and discrete) in two orientations (vertical or horizontal) over two distances (10 cm and 20 cm) with two objects resembling the size and shape of regularly prescribed stand and dome magnifiers. RESULTS: The visually impaired children performed slower movements than the normally sighted children. In both groups, the accuracy and speed of the reciprocal aiming movements improved significantly with age. Surprisingly, in both groups, the performance with the dome-shaped object was significantly faster (in the 10 cm condition and 20 cm condition with discrete movements) and more accurate (in the 20 cm condition) than with the stand-shaped object. CONCLUSION: From a controllability perspective, this study suggests that it is better to prescribe dome-shaped than cylinder-shaped magnifiers to young children with visual impairment.
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