Severe fatigue in type 1 diabetes: Exploring its course, predictors and relationship with HbA1c in a prospective study
Number of pages
SourceDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 121, (2016), pp. 127-134
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI BO
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
SubjectBehavioural Science Institute; Radboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 6: Metabolic Disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
AIMS: To prospectively identify the course of severe fatigue, its predictors and the relationship with HbA1c in patients with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: 214 adult patients completed questionnaires on fatigue severity and fatigue-related factors at baseline. HbA1c was retrieved from medical records. After 43months, fatigue severity and HbA1c were reassessed in 194 patients. A logistic regression analysis was used to determine predictors of severe fatigue at follow-up with various cognitive-behavioral and clinical factors as potential predictors. The relationship between fatigue and HbA1c was investigated in a sub-analysis by differentiating between patients with suboptimal glucose control [HbA1c>7% (53mmol/mol)] and optimal glucose control [HbA1c7% (53mmol/mol)]. RESULTS: The prevalence of severe fatigue was 40% at baseline and 42% at follow-up. In three out of four severely fatigued patients at baseline (76%), severe fatigue persisted over time. More depressive symptoms, more pain, sleep disturbances, lower self-efficacy concerning fatigue, less confidence in diabetes self-care, more fatigue severity at baseline and more diabetes complications predicted severe fatigue at follow-up. Over time, HbA1c at baseline was positively associated with fatigue severity at follow-up in both groups (suboptimal glucose control: r=.18, p<.05; optimal glucose control: r=.09, p<.05). CONCLUSIONS: About three quarters of patients with type 1 diabetes suffer from persistent fatigue. Aside from the number of diabetes complications, no clinical factors explained the persistence of fatigue. HbA1c and fatigue were weakly associated in a sub-analysis. Since the strongest predictors of severe fatigue were cognitive-behavioral factors, behavioral interventions might be effective in decreasing fatigue.
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