Preconception nutritional intake and lifestyle factors: first results of an explorative study
Number of pages
SourceEuropean Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 111, 2, (2003), pp. 167-172
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
SubjectEBP 1: Determinants in Health and Disease; UMCN 1.5: Interventional oncology
OBJECTIVE: To describe nutritional intake and lifestyle factors in women planning pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A semi-quantitative, 1-month food frequency questionnaire and a questionnaire on health practices and personal views were filled out at home and verified by telephone interview. RESULTS: One hundred and one women agreed to participate and data of 69 women were eligible for evaluation. Women planning pregnancy (n=46) consumed significantly more saturated fats and proteins, less carbohydrates and higher median intakes of Vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, calcium, selenium, magnesium and iron than controls (n=23; P<0.05). However, the percentage of women planning pregnancy with intakes below recommended dietary allowances was 74% for iron, 59% for selenium, 48% for Vitamin A and 91% for copper. Ninety-six percent and 20% of them reported alcohol use and smoking, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Nutritional intake of women in the preconception period appears to be inadequate. Efforts to increase awareness of a healthy diet and lifestyle before and throughout pregnancy should be continued.
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