Maternal periconceptional biochemical and hematological parameters, vitamin profiles and pregnancy outcome.
SourceEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57, 9, (2003), pp. 1128-1134
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
SubjectEBP 1: Determinants in Health and Disease; UMCN 1.5: Interventional oncology
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate periconceptional maternal biochemical and hematological parameters and vitamin profiles in relation to the risk of early pregnancy loss and birth weight. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING: University Medical Centre Nijmegen, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, Maria and Elisabeth Hospitals, Tilburg, and Catharina Hospital, Eindhoven, The Netherlands. SUBJECTS: A cohort of 240 women recruited before pregnancy. INTERVENTIONS: Blood samples were taken preconceptional and at 6 and 10 weeks amenorrhea in which the concentrations of hemoglobin, hematocrit, creatinin, uric acid, total protein, serum iron, total iron-binding capacity, ferritin, and the concentrations of retinol, tocopherol, thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxal-5'-phosphate, cobalamin and folate were analyzed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Risk of early pregnancy loss and birth weight. RESULTS: The risk of early pregnancy loss increased with increasing prepregnancy weight, and when the periconceptional decline in hematocrit, creatinin and uric acid was less profound (slope: P<0.01). Maternal smoking was negatively associated with birth weight (mean reduction of 183 g, P<0.05). Maternal age and prepregnancy weight were positively associated with birth weight (P<0.01). No significant associations were found between vitamin concentrations and risk of early pregnancy loss or birth weight. CONCLUSIONS: Several periconceptional biochemical parameters are significantly associated with early pregnancy loss. The effects of maternal periconceptional health on embryonic development and subsequent pregnancy outcome should be further explored. SPONSORSHIP: Dutch Prevention fund, grants no. 28.1358 and 28.1006.
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