Brain structure-function associations identified in large-scale neuroimaging data
SourceBrain Structure and Function, 221, 9, (2016), pp. 4459-4474
Article / Letter to editor
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PI Group Intention and Action
SW OZ DCC CO
Brain Structure and Function
Subject111 000 Intention & Action; Action, intention, and motor control; DI-BCB_DCC_Theme 2: Perception, Action and Control
The relationships between structural and functional measures of the human brain remain largely unknown. A majority of our limited knowledge regarding structure-function associations has been obtained through comparisons between specific groups of patients and healthy controls. Unfortunately, a direct and complete view of the associations across multiple structural and functional metrics in normal population is missing. We filled this gap by learning cross-individual co-variance among structural and functional measures using large-scale neuroimaging datasets. A discover-confirm scheme was applied to two independent samples (N = 184 and N = 340) of multi-modal neuroimaging datasets. A data mining tool, gRAICAR, was employed in the discover stage to generate quantitative and unbiased hypotheses of the co-variance among six functional and six structural imaging metrics. These hypotheses were validated using an independent dataset in the confirm stage. Fifteen multi-metric co-variance units, representing different co-variance relationships among the 12 metrics, were reliable across the two sets of neuroimaging datasets. The reliable co-variance units were summarized into a database, where users can select any location on the cortical map of any metric to examine the co-varying maps with the other 11 metrics. This database characterized the six functional metrics based on their co-variance with structural metrics, and provided a detailed reference to connect previous findings using different metrics and to predict maps of unexamined metrics. Gender, age, and handedness were associated to the co-variance units, and a sub-study of schizophrenia demonstrated the usefulness of the co-variance database.
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