Vascular health in patients in remission of Cushing's syndrome is comparable to that in BMI-matched controls.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 101, 11, (2016), pp. 4142-4150
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
CONTEXT: In active Cushing's syndrome (CS), patients suffer from endothelial dysfunction and premature atherosclerosis. However, it is uncertain to what extent vascular health recovers after long-term remission. This is highly relevant as this topic relates to future development of cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether micro- and macrovascular health is impaired after long-term remission of CS, in patients with no or adequately treated co-morbidities. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional case-control study in two tertiary referral centers. PATIENTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 63 patients (remission of CS for >/= 4 years) and 63 healthy, well-matched controls were compared. In group A (58 patients and 58 controls) serum biomarkers associated with endothelial dysfunction, intima media thickness, pulse wave velocity and pulse wave analysis were studied. In group B (14 patients and 14 controls) endothelium-dependent and-independent vasodilatation was studied in conduit arteries (flow mediated dilation of the brachial artery) and forearm skeletal muscle resistance arteries (vasodilator response to intra-arterial acetylcholine, sodium-nitroprusside and NG-monomethyl-L-arginine using venous occlusion plethysmography). RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the outcome measures of vascular health of patients and controls in group A and B. CONCLUSION: Vascular health of patients in long-term remission of Cushing's syndrome seems to be comparable to that of healthy gender-, age and BMI matched controls, provided that the patients have no, or adequately controlled co-morbidities. Therefore, the effects of hypercortisolism per se on the vasculature may be reversible. This accentuates the need for stringent treatment of metabolic co-morbidities in these patients.
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