Infant positioning in daily life may mediate associations between physiotherapy and child development-video-analysis of an early intervention RCT
SourceResearch in Developmental Disabilities, 53-54, (2016), pp. 147-157
Article / Letter to editor
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Research in Developmental Disabilities
SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
BACKGROUND: Paediatric physiotherapy (PPT) in high-risk infants comprises family involvement, but it is unclear whether parents mediate the intervention effect. We demonstrated in a randomized controlled trial in high-risk infants comparing the family centred programme Coping and Caring for infants with special needs (COPCA) and Traditional Infant Physiotherapy (TIP) that process evaluation revealed associations between COPCA-characteristics and outcome. AIMS: To assess whether PPT affects how parents position their infant during bathing and whether this is associated with child outcome. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 21 infants received COPCA and 25 TIP between 3 and 6 months corrected age. Bathing sessions were videotaped at 3, 6 and 18 months. Time spent with specific infant positions was correlated with quantified PPT-actions and functional mobility at 18 months measured with the Paediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: At 3 and 18 months bathing position was similar in both groups, but differed at 6 months (time spent on sitting: COPCA 77.7%, TIP 39.2%; median difference 32.0% (95% CI: 10.6-50.5%). Sitting-time at 6 months was associated with higher PEDI functional mobility scores. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Early PPT may affect parental behaviour, such as infant positioning during bathing, which, in turn, may affect child development.
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