Glycemic control during consecutive days with prolonged walking exercise in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
SourceDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 117, (2016), pp. 74-81
01 juli 2016
Article / Letter to editor
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Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 6: Metabolic Disorders RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
AIMS: Despite its general benefits for health, exercise complicates the maintenance of stable blood glucose concentrations in individuals with type 1 diabetes. The aim of the current study was to examine changes in food intake, insulin administration, and 24-h glycemic control in response to consecutive days with prolonged walking exercise ( approximately 8h daily) in individuals with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Ten individuals with type 1 diabetes participating in the worlds' largest walking event were recruited for this observational study. Simultaneous measurements of 24-h glycemic control (continuous glucose monitoring), insulin administration and food intake were performed during a non-walking day (control) and during three subsequent days with prolonged walking exercise (daily distance 40 or 50km). RESULTS: Despite an increase in daily energy (31+/-18%; p<0.01) and carbohydrate (82+/-71g; p<0.01) intake during walking days, subjects lowered their insulin administration by 26+/-16% relative to the control day (p<0.01). Average 24-h blood glucose concentrations, the prevalence of hyperglycemia (blood glucose >10 mmol/L) and hypoglycemia (blood glucose <3.9mmol/L) did not differ between the control day and walking days (p>0.05 for all variables). The prolonged walking exercise was associated with a modest increase in glycemic variability compared with the control day (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Prolonged walking exercise allows for profound reductions in daily insulin administration in persons with type 1 diabetes, despite large increments in energy and carbohydrate intake. When taking such adjustments into account, prolonged moderate-intensity exercise does not necessarily impair 24-h glycemic control.
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