Do female colleagues and supervisors influence family role attitudes? A three-level test of exposure explanations among employed men and women in 27 European countries
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Number of pages
SourceJournal of Marriage and the Family, 79, 1, (2017), pp. 277-293
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ RSCR SOC
Journal of Marriage and the Family
SubjectInequality, cohesion and modernization; Ongelijkheid, cohesie en modernisering
This study examines the relationship between various aspects of female labor participation and people's family role attitudes. Following exposure theory, we expect that individuals may adopt more egalitarian family roles as they are more often exposed to employed women because it dispels negative ideas about women's capabilities and brings them into contact with nontraditional networks. This study provides an elaborate test by examining the role of exposure to female colleagues and supervisors in three contexts: workplaces, occupational sectors, and countries. We found that the number of female colleagues at work and in occupational sectors was positively related to egalitarian family roles of employed men. Our study further showed that this positive relationship between exposure to female colleagues at work and men's egalitarian family roles was weaker in female-dominated sectors. Remarkably, exposure to national female labor participation was not significantly related to the family roles of employed women.
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