Exposure to secondhand smoke and depression and anxiety: A report from two studies in the Netherlands
Number of pages
SourceJournal of Psychosomatic Research, 75, 5, (2013), pp. 431-436
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SW OZ BSI OGG
Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Objective: Previous population-based studies suggest that exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) is related to increased depressive symptoms and poor mental health among non-smokers. We examined whether these associations could be replicated in two independent Dutch samples. Methods: Non-smoking adults were selected from two studies: 1) the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA), comprising individuals with current and remitted depressive and/or anxiety disorders, and healthy controls and 2) the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR), comprising twin-family studies on health-related behaviors. In both studies, SHS exposure was assessed with plasma cotinine levels (1-14 ng/ml vs. <1 ng/ml). In NESDA, outcomes were current depressive and/or anxiety disorders, and depression and anxiety symptom severity scores. In NTR, the Adult Self Report derived DSM-subscales for depressive and anxiety problems, and anxious depressive scores were analyzed. Results: In NESDA non-smokers (n = 1757), increased plasma cotinine level (>= 1 ng/ml) was not related to current depressive and/or anxiety disorders [odds ratio (OR) 0.96, P = .771, nor to depression or anxiety severity indicators. Similarly, in NTR non-smokers (n = 1088) cotinine levels >= 1 ng/ml were not associated with the DSM-subscale for depressive problems [unstandardized regression coefficient (B) 0.04, P = .88], nor to other depression and anxiety measures. Conclusions: In non-smoking adults from patient and population samples, we found no evidence that plasma cotinine levels were related to either depressive and/or anxiety disorders, or to depressive and anxiety symptoms. This suggests that SHS exposure is not related to depression and anxiety in non-smoking adults.
This item appears in the following Collection(s)
- Non RU Publications 
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.