Novel loci associated with usual sleep duration: The CHARGE Consortium Genome-Wide Association Study
until further notice
Number of pages
SourceMolecular Psychiatry, 20, 10, (2015), pp. 1232-1239
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI OGG
Usual sleep duration is a heritable trait correlated with psychiatric morbidity, cardiometabolic disease and mortality, although little is known about the genetic variants influencing this trait. A genome-wide association study (GWAS) of usual sleep duration was conducted using 18 population-based cohorts totaling 47[thinsp]180 individuals of European ancestry. Genome-wide significant association was identified at two loci. The strongest is located on chromosome 2, in an intergenic region 35- to 80-kb upstream from the thyroid-specific transcription factor PAX8 (lowest P=1.1 [times] 10-9). This finding was replicated in an African-American sample of 4771 individuals (lowest P=9.3 [times] 10-4). The strongest combined association was at rs1823125 (P=1.5 [times] 10-10, minor allele frequency 0.26 in the discovery sample, 0.12 in the replication sample), with each copy of the minor allele associated with a sleep duration 3.1[thinsp]min longer per night. The alleles associated with longer sleep duration were associated in previous GWAS with a more favorable metabolic profile and a lower risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Understanding the mechanisms underlying these associations may help elucidate biological mechanisms influencing sleep duration and its association with psychiatric, metabolic and cardiovascular disease.
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