Cross-language data on five types of prosodic focus
Boston : International Speech Communication Association (ISCA)
InBarnes, J.; Brugos, A.; Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (ed.), Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2016, pp. 330-334
31 mei 2016
Article in monograph or in proceedings
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Barnes, J.; Brugos, A.; Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (ed.), Proceedings of Speech Prosody 2016
SubjectDI-BCB_DCC_Theme 1: Language and Communication; Psycholinguistics
To examine the relative roles of language-specific and language-universal mechanisms in the production of prosodic focus, we compared production of five different types of focus by native speakers of English and Mandarin. Two comparable dialogues were constructed for each language, with the same words appearing in focused and unfocused position; 24 speakers recorded each dialogue in each language. Duration, F0 (mean, maximum, range), and rms-intensity (mean, maximum) of all critical word tokens were measured. Across the different types of focus, cross-language differences were observed in the degree to which English versus Mandarin speakers use the different prosodic parameters to mark focus, suggesting that while prosody may be universally available for expressing focus, the means of its employment may be considerably language-specific.
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