Movement disorders in adults with intellectual disability and behavioral problems associated with use of antipsychotics
Number of pages
SourceJournal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 36, 4, (2016), pp. 308-313
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI KLP
Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
SubjectExperimental Psychopathology and Treatment
Background: Antipsychotic drugs are prescribed to approximately 30% to 40% of adults with intellectual disability (ID) and behavioral problems despite lack of evidence of effectiveness and potential adverse effects, including movement disorders. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of movement disorders (dyskinesia, akathisia, dystonia, and parkinsonism) in in-patient adults with mild to borderline ID and behavioral problems associated with use of antipsychotics. Methods: Prevalence of movement disorders was measured with a standardized protocol. The strength of the association between antipsychotic drug use and movement disorders was assessed using logistic regression analysis. Results: Almost half (44.0%) of 134 in-patient adults with ID and behavioral problems had any movement disorder. Parkinsonism, dyskinesia, akathisia, and dystonia were present in, respectively, 36.6%, 11.2%, 9.0%, and 0.7% of patients with ID. It appeared that current use of any antipsychotic drug (odds ratio, 3.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.0-8.4) and a dose in target range (odds ratio, 5.5; 95% confidence interval, 1.5-20.4) were significantly associated with the risk of having movement disorders. Conclusions: The prevalence of movement disorders in people with ID and behavioral problems is high, especially in ID patients using antipsychotics. More attention is needed for these movement disorders and their potential impact.
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