Perceived occupational and environmental health hazards among workers in small scale industries in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania: a focus group discussion study.
Nijmegen : Universiteit Nijmegen
InRongo, L.M.B. (ed.), Occupational and Environmental Health hazards in small scale industries in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania., pp. 26-59
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Rongo, L.M.B. (ed.), Occupational and Environmental Health hazards in small scale industries in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
While the informal sector is rapidly emerging as the major source of employment in poor countries, little is known to the health hazards encountered by the workers in small-scale industries (SSI). We conducted 11 focus group discussions (FGD) among the workers in SSI to assess felt occupational and environmental health hazards (EHH), two each among food vendors and residents living near SSI to assess their perception of EHH; and two FGD among health workers to assess work related health complaints among the SSI workers. SSI workers were aware of the occupational and EHH. SSI owners were also not given permanent workplace by the Local Government. The unavailability of permanent workplaces caused some owners of SSI to give a low priority to investing in health and safety at workplaces. A clear policy by the Local Government for the informal sector addressing priority issues such as permanent workplaces for SSI is needed. Also a reorientation of health services towards protection and promotion of health of lowincome urban residents in SSI may contribute to an improvement of working conditions and thus have a positive impact on workers' health in urban centres.
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