Improved survival of TNF-deficient mice during the zymosan-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.
SourceShock, 17, 6, (2002), pp. 468-72
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectThe role of cytokines in the pathophysiology of febrile illnesses and in host defense against infections; Sepsis and non-bacterial generalized inflammation: causes and effects (sepsis and inflammation); Tumor pathology; De rol van cytokinen in de pathofysiologie van koortsende ziekten en in de afweer tegen infecties; Sepsis en niet-bacteriële gegeneraliseerde ontsteking: mogelijke oorzaken en gevolgen (sepsis en ontsteking); Tumor pathologie
The purpose of the study was to investigate the course of the zymosan-induced multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in the absence of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in a murine model. Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha-lymphotoxin-a knockout (TNF/LT-/-) mice (n = 36) and wild-type (TNF/LT+/+) mice (n = 36) received 40 microg of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) intraperitoneally followed by zymosan at a dose of 1 mg/g body weight 6 days later (day 0). Animals were monitored daily for body weight and temperature and clinical symptoms. At day 22, most of the surviving mice were killed to examine organ weight and histology. A small number of animals were followed until day 48. In all animals, zymosan induced an acute sterile peritonitis phase followed by an apparent recovery. From day 8 onwards the TNF/LT+/+ mice entered a third-MODS-like-phase, characterized by loss of body weight, decreased body temperature, and significant mortality. At day 22, survival in the TNF/LT-/- mice (92%) was significantly (P = 0.01) higher than in the TNF/LT+/+ mice (60%). In addition, average body temperature and average relative (vs. weight at day 0) body weight were higher in the TNF/LT-/- mice than in the TNF/LT+/+ mice (35.9 degrees C and 100% vs. 33.3 degrees C and 84%, respectively). However, at this time point, surviving animals from both groups showed similar and significant organ damage, indicated by an increase in absolute and relative (vs body weight) weight of lung, spleen, and liver (liver only in the TNF/LT-/- mice). Moreover, histopathological examination of organs from the surviving animals showed a similar degree of microscopic damage in both groups. Interestingly, besides mononuclear cells, inflammatory infiltrates in lungs and livers of TNF/LT+/+ but not of TNF-/- mice contained neutrophils. In conclusion, TNF-deficient mice exhibit significantly improved morbidity and mortality during zymosan-induced MODS. However, the absence of TNF does not completely protect against MODS in this murine model.
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