A novel single nucleotide splice site mutation in FHL1 confirms an Emery-Dreifuss plus phenotype with pulmonary artery hypoplasia and facial dysmorphology
SourceEuropean Journal of Medical Genetics, 58, 4, (2015), pp. 222-9
Article / Letter to editor
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European Journal of Medical Genetics
SubjectRadboudumc 7: Neurodevelopmental disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
We describe a Danish family with an, until recently, unknown X-linked disease with muscular dystrophy (MD), facial dysmorphology and pulmonary artery hypoplasia. One patient died suddenly before age 20 and another was resuscitated from cardiac arrest at the age of 28. Linkage analysis pointed to a region of 25 Mb from 123.6 Mb to 148.4 Mb on chromosome X containing over 100 genes. Exome sequencing identified a single nucleotide splice site mutation c.502-2A > T, which is located 5' to exon 6 in the gene encoding four and a half LIM domain 1 (FHL1) protein. FHL1 expresses three main splice variants, known as FHL1A, FHL1B and FHL1C. In healthy individuals, FHL1A is the predominant splice variant and is mainly found in skeletal and cardiac muscle. The FHL1 transcript profiles from two affected individuals were investigated in skin fibroblasts with quantitative real-time PCR. This demonstrated loss of isoform A and B, and an almost 200-fold overexpression of isoform C confirming that lack of FHL1A and overexpression of FHL1C results in an extended phenotype of EDMD as recently shown by Tiffin et al. .
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