'Providing good and comfortable care by building a bond of trust': nurses views regarding their role in patients' perception of safety in the Intensive Care Unit
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SourceJournal of Clinical Nursing, 24, 21-22, (2015), pp. 3233-3244
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Clinical Nursing
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe and understand intensive care unit (ICU) nurses' views regarding their role in ICU patients' perception of safety. BACKGROUND: Feeling safe is an important issue for ICU patients. Not feeling safe may result in adverse effects including traumatic experiences, having nightmares and feeling depressed. Nursing care plays a major role in patients' perception of safety. However, it is unknown whether ICU nurses are aware of this role. DESIGN: A grounded theory approach following Corbin and Strauss. METHODS: A total of 13 participants were included in the study following maximum variation sampling, by selecting ICU nurses who differed in gender, age, work experience as registered ICU nurse, and were employed in different IC units. In-depth interviews were performed using open-ended questions guided by a topic list with broad question areas. Data collection and analysis were executed during an iterative process. RESULTS: The core category, building a bond of trust to provide good and comfortable care, arose from four main categories: explaining and informing ICU patients, using patients' family bond, ICU nurses' attitudes and expertise, and creating physical safety. CONCLUSION: The ICU nurses stated that they were not explicitly aware of ICU patients' perception of safety, but that they strived to provide good and comfortable care, through building a bond of trust with their patients. According to the nurses, a bond of trust is essential for patients to feel safe in the ICU. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: The importance of feeling safe in ICU patients should be addressed within the education and clinical practice of ICU nurses, to ensure that they become aware of ICU patients' perception of safety.
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