Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging for the prediction of pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in esophageal cancer.
until further notice
SourceRadiotherapy and Oncology, 115, 2, (2015), pp. 163-170
1 mei 2015
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Radiotherapy and Oncology
SubjectRadboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
PURPOSE: To explore the value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) for the prediction of pathologic response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) in esophageal cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 20 patients receiving nCRT for esophageal cancer DW-MRI scanning was performed before nCRT, after 8-13 fractions, and before surgery. The median tumor apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) was determined at these three time points. The predictive potential of initial tumor ADC, and change in ADC (DeltaADC) during and after treatment for pathologic complete response (pathCR) and good response were assessed. Good response was defined as pathCR or near-pathCR (tumor regression grade [TRG] 1 or 2). RESULTS: A pathCR after nCRT was found in 4 of 20 patients (20%), and 8 patients (40%) showed a good response to nCRT. The DeltaADCduring was significantly higher in pathCR vs. non-pathCR patients (34.6%+/-10.7% [mean+/-SD] vs. 14.0%+/-13.1%, p=0.016), as well as in good vs. poor responders (30.5%+/-8.3% vs. 9.5%+/-12.5%, p=0.002). The DeltaADCduring was predictive of residual cancer at a threshold of 29% (sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 75%, PPV of 94%, and NPV of 100%), and for poor pathologic response at a threshold of 21% (sensitivity of 82%, specificity of 100%, PPV of 100%, and NPV of 80%). CONCLUSIONS: In this exploratory study, the treatment-induced change in ADC during the first 2-3weeks of nCRT for esophageal cancer seemed highly predictive of histopathologic response. Larger series are warranted to verify these results.
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