Patient safety improvement programmes for primary care. Review of a Delphi procedure and pilot studies by the LINNEAUS collaboration on patient safety in primary care
SourceEuropean Journal of General Practice, 21 Suppl, (2015), pp. 50-55
Article / Letter to editor
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Primary and Community Care
European Journal of General Practice
vol. 21 Suppl
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: To improve patient safety it is necessary to identify the causes of patient safety incidents, devise solutions and measure the (cost-) effectiveness of improvement efforts. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides a broad overview with practical guidance on how to improve patient safety. METHODS: We used modified online Delphi procedures to reach consensus on methods to improve patient safety and to identify important features of patient safety management in primary care. Two pilot studies were carried out to assess the value of prospective risk analysis (PRA), as a means of identifying the causes of a patient safety incident. RESULTS: A range of different methods can be used to improve patient safety but they have to be contextually specific. Practice organization, culture, diagnostic errors and medication safety were found to be important domains for further improvement. Improvement strategies for patient safety could benefit from insights gained from research on implementation of evidence-based practice. Patient involvement and prospective risk analysis are two promising and innovative strategies for improving patient safety in primary care. CONCLUSION: A range of methods is available to improve patient safety, but there is no 'magic bullet.' Besides better use of the available methods, it is important to use new and potentially more effective strategies, such as prospective risk analysis.
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