Modulation of spectral properties and pump activity of proteorhodopsins by retinal analogues
until further notice
SourceBiochemical Journal, 467, 2, (2015), pp. 333-343
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 12: Sensory disorders RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 19: Nanomedicine RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Proteorhodopsins are heptahelical membrane proteins which function as light-driven proton pumps. They use all-trans-retinal A1 as a ligand and chromophore and absorb visible light (520-540 nm). In the present paper, we describe modulation of the absorbance band of the proteorhodopsin from Monterey Bay SAR 86 gammaproteobacteria (PR), its red-shifted double mutant PR-D212N/F234S (PR-DNFS) and Gloeobacter rhodopsin (GR). This was approached using three analogues of all-trans-retinal A1, which differ in their electronic and conformational properties: all-trans-6,7-s-trans-locked retinal A1, all-trans-phenyl-retinal A1 and all-trans-retinal A2. We further probed the effect of these retinal analogues on the proton pump activity of the proteorhodopsins. Our results indicate that, whereas the constraints of the retinal-binding pocket differ for the proteorhodopsins, at least two of the retinal analogues are capable of shifting the absorbance bands of the pigments either bathochromically or hypsochromically, while maintaining their proton pump activity. Furthermore, the shifts implemented by the analogues add up to the shift induced by the double mutation in PR-DNFS. This type of chromophore substitution may present attractive applications in the field of optogenetics, towards increasing the flexibility of optogenetic tools or for membrane potential probes.
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