SourceJournal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 43, 9, (2015), pp. 1737-42
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 10: Reconstructive and regenerative medicine RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
INTRODUCTION: Stereophotogrammetry is a radiation-free method for monitoring skull development after craniosynostosis repair. Lack of clear fixed reference points complicate longitudinal comparison of 3D photographs. Therefore we developed the 'computed cranial focal point' (CCFP). METHODS: The CCFP was calculated in segmented 3D CT-scans of 36 adult subjects using Matlab. The robustness of the CCFP calculation was evaluated in predefined hemi-ellipsoid shapes. Finally we used the CCFP in two clinical cases to correlate CT data with 3D-photographic data. RESULTS: The CCFP calculation was found to be hardly influenced by incomplete or deformed surface data which resulted in small deviations (<2.5 mm). The average position of the CCFP of the skin relative to the sella turcica was at (0.0, 27.1, 19.4) mm, with CCFPsigma (0.6, 4.6, 3.9) mm. The mean difference between the CCFP for the skull and skin was (-0.1, 1.9, -1.4) mm, with CCFPsigma (0.5, 1.4, 1.0) mm. Using the CCFP in two cases to correlate the skin from a 3D-photo and the segmented skin from a CT-scan resulted in absolute mean differences of 0.7 and 2.3 mm, with a standard deviation of 1.1 mm in both cases. CONCLUSION: The CCFP calculation is a robust method to define a reference point relative to the sella turcica based on the skin or cranial bone surfaces. The CCFP can be used to correlate 3D photographs with CT-scan data or for longitudinal radiation-free comparison of 3D-photos.
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