Salivary morning androstenedione and 17alpha-OH progesterone levels in childhood and puberty in patients with classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia
Number of pages
SourceClinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 53, 3, (2015), pp. 461-468
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
BACKGROUND: Treatment of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency can be monitored by salivary androstenedione (A-dione) and 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17OHP) levels. There are no objective criteria for setting relevant target values or data on changes of 17OHP and A-dione during monitoring. METHODS: We evaluated A-dione and 17OHP levels in nearly 2000 salivary samples collected during long-term treatment of 84 paediatric patients with classic 21-hydroxylase deficiency. RESULTS: A-dione and 17OHP levels and its ratio 17OHP/A-dione remained constant from 4 to 11 years with no sex-related differences. During puberty, A-dione and 17OHP levels both increased, starting at earlier age in girls than in boys. The ratio 17OHP/A-dione declined. Normalised A-dione concomitant with elevated 17OHP [1.43 nmol/L (0.46-4.41) during prepuberty; 2.36 nmol/L (0.63-8.89) for boys and 1.99 nmol/L (0.32-6.98) for girls during puberty] could be obtained with overall median glucocorticoid doses of 11-15 mg/m2/day. A-dione levels above the upper reference limit (URL), suggesting undertreatment, coincided with 17OHP levels >/=10 times URL. The percentage of A-dione levels above URL was 16% at ages 4-8 years, but increased to 31% for girls at 16 years and 46% for boys at 17 years. CONCLUSIONS: Normalised A-dione consistent with 17OHP three times URL during prepuberty and normalised A-dione consistent with 4-6 times URL during puberty could be obtained by moderate glucocorticoid dosages. A constant 17OHP/A-dione ratio during prepuberty suggested absence of adrenarche. During puberty, a higher percentage of samples met the criteria for undertreatment, especially of boys.
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