Risk of neoplastic progression in Barrett's esophagus diagnosed as indefinite for dysplasia: a nationwide cohort study
SourceEndoscopy, 47, 5, (2015), pp. 409-414
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: A histological diagnosis of "indefinite for dysplasia" (IND) in Barrett's esophagus is used when a diagnosis of genuine dysplasia is equivocal. The aim of the present study was to assess the risk of progression to high grade dysplasia (HGD) or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) after a diagnosis of IND in a nationwide cohort of patients with Barrett's esophagus. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a first diagnosis of IND in Barrett's esophagus between 2002 and 2011 were selected from a nationwide registry of histopathology diagnoses in The Netherlands. Patients were followed up until treatment for HGD, detection of EAC, or date of last endoscopy contact with biopsy sampling. RESULTS: In total, 1258 patients met the inclusion criteria, of whom 842 (66.9 %) underwent endoscopic follow-up. Patients were followed for a total of 2585 person-years (mean +/- SD 3.01 +/- 2.6). Median duration until first follow-up endoscopy was 1.2 years (interquartile range 0.3 - 1.8 years). The progression rate from IND to the combined end point of HGD or EAC was 2.0 (95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.5 - 2.6) per 100 person-years and progression to EAC was 1.2 (95 %CI 0.8 - 1.6). After excluding cases with HGD or EAC within 1 year after IND diagnosis (n = 16), the progression rates were 1.4 (95 %CI 1.0 - 1.9) and 0.8 (95 %CI 0.5 - 1.2) per 100 person-years for HGD or EAC and EAC, respectively. CONCLUSION: In this large, population-based, cohort of patients with Barrett's esophagus, the incidence rate of HGD or EAC following a diagnosis of IND was 1.4 per 100 person-years. The results demonstrate the need for additional studies to select the subgroup of IND patients with an increased risk of neoplastic progression.
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