Epidemiology and Outcome of Fungemia in a Cancer Cohort of the Infectious Diseases Group (IDG) of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC 65031)
SourceClinical Infectious Diseases, 61, 3, (2015), pp. 324-331
Article / Letter to editor
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Clinical Infectious Diseases
SubjectRadboudumc 5: Inflammatory diseases RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
BACKGROUND: Anti-cancer treatment and the cancer population have evolved since the last European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) fungemia survey, and there are few recent large epidemiological studies. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study including 145 030 admissions of patients with cancer from 13 EORTC centers. Incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcome of fungemia were analyzed. RESULTS: Fungemia occurred in 333 (0.23%; 95% confidence interval [CI], .21-.26) patients, ranging from 0.15% in patients with solid tumors to 1.55% in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients. In 297 evaluable patients age ranged from 17 to 88 years (median 56 years), 144 (48%) patients were female, 165 (56%) had solid tumors, and 140 (47%) had hematological malignancies. Fungemia including polymicrobial infection was due to: Candida spp. in 267 (90%), C. albicans in 128 (48%), and other Candida spp. in 145 (54%) patients. Favorable overall response was achieved in 113 (46.5%) patients by week 2. After 4 weeks, the survival rate was 64% (95% CI, 59%-70%) and was not significantly different between Candida spp. Multivariable logistic regression identified baseline septic shock (odds ratio [OR] 3.04, 95% CI, 1.22-7.58) and tachypnoea as poor prognostic factors (OR 2.95, 95% CI, 1.66-5.24), while antifungal prophylaxis prior to fungemia (OR 0.20, 95% CI, .06-.62) and remission of underlying cancer (OR, 0.18; 95% CI, .06-.50) were protective. CONCLUSIONS: Fungemia, mostly due to Candida spp., was rare in cancer patients from EORTC centers but was associated with substantial mortality. Antifungal prophylaxis and remission of cancer predicted better survival.
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