Treatment with everolimus is associated with a procoagulant state
SourceThrombosis Research, 132, 2, (2013), pp. 307-11
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
SubjectNCMLS 2: Immune Regulation N4i 4: Auto-immunity, transplantation and immunotherapy; ONCOL 3: Translational research
INTRODUCTION: Renal transplant recipients are at increased risk of venous thromboembolic events, which is in part caused by their treatment with maintenance immunosuppressive drugs. Because we observed an increased incidence of venous thromboembolic events in renal transplant recipients treated with the mTOR inhibitor (mTORi) everolimus, we aimed to identify prothrombotic mechanisms of this immunosuppressive drug. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a single center study, nested in a multi-center randomized controlled trial, we measured parameters of coagulation, anti-coagulation and fibrinolysis in renal transplant recipients, receiving the mTORi everolimus (n=16, mTOR group) and compared them to a similar patient group, receiving a calcineurin inhibitor and/or mycophenolate sodium (n=20, non-mTOR group). All patients were at least 6months following transplantation with a stable transplant function. RESULTS: The use of an mTORi was associated with significantly higher levels of von Willebrand factor, prothrombin fragment 1+2, thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 as compared to a non-mTORi based immunosuppressive regimen. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with an mTORi leads to increased endothelial activation, thrombin formation and impaired fibrinolysis in renal transplant recipients. This suggests an increased risk of thrombotic events in renal transplant recipients treated with mTOR inhibitors. A prospective study to establish the precise risk of thrombotic events in these patients is urgently needed.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.