Patient-centered care in Parkinson's disease
[S.l.] : [S.n.]
Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen, 01 december 2015
Promotor : Bloem, B.R. Co-promotores : Faber, M.J., Munneke, M.
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SubjectRadboudumc 3: Disorders of movement DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience
Patient centeredness means providing care that is respectful of and responsive to individual patient preferences, needs and values, and ensuring that patient values guide all clinical decisions’.The concept assumes that both physicians and patients are experts; physicians in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, patients by their personal experience. Van der Eijk examined how patient-centeredness could be defined, measured and improved in Parkinson care. Patients with Parkinson's disease(PD) become progressively disabled due to a mixture of cognitive, emotional and motor symptoms. Given the complex nature of the disease, delivering patient-centered care to PD patients is challenging. Preferably, Parkinson care is provided by a collaborative team of physicians, nurses, psychosocial caregivers and allied health experts. 'Patient-centeredness' implies that patients are invited to participate within this team. PD patients currently assume a passive role in healthcare, partially because this is the traditional approach, but also because they lack the tools to self-manage their condition. Van der Eijk found out that PD patients experience a lack of collaboration between their healthcare professionals. Additionally, patients urgently call for more and personally tailored information as well as emotional support to cope better with their disease. Van der Eijk collected patient-experiences in the Netherlands, Canada and the United States and evaluated regional multidisciplinary healthcare networks and online health communities. These innovations may improve the patient-centeredness of care and enhance communication among health professionals and patients, and support coordination of care across institutions. A personal health community is a private community governed by individual patients. Apart from the patient, participants include the caregiver and one or more (ideally all) health professionals involved. Patients favor the possibility to interact with their health professionals for emotional support and to obtain medical information. When technically well facilitated, the concept stimulates active patient involvement in their own health and healthcare.
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