Speech recognition scores related to age and degree of hearing impairment in DFNA2/KCNQ4 and DFNA9/COCH.
SourceArchives of Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery, 127, 9, (2001), pp. 1045-1048
Article / Letter to editor
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Archives of Otolaryngology--Head & Neck Surgery
SubjectHearing and Communication Disorders; Elucidation of hereditary disorders and their molecular diagnosis; Gehoor en communicatie; Opheldering van erfelijke ziekten en hun moleculaire diagnostiek
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between pure-tone hearing threshold and speech recognition performance in DFNA2/KCNQ4 and DFNA9/COCH, 2 types of high-frequency nonsyndromic hearing impairment. DESIGN: Case series with cross-sectional analysis of phoneme recognition scores related to age and hearing level. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENTS: Forty-five members of 4 separate families, all carrying 1 of 3 different mutations in the KCNQ4 gene at the DFNA2 locus (1p34); 42 members of 7 separate families, all carrying the same Pro51Ser mutation in the COCH gene at the DFNA9 locus (14q12-q13). RESULTS: The deterioration of speech recognition dropped to a 90% score at a higher level of hearing impairment (pure-tone-average at 1, 2, and 4 kHz) in DFNA2-affected patients (65 dB) than in DFNA9-affected patients (46 dB). CONCLUSION: At similar levels of hearing impairment, DFNA2/KCNQ4-affected patients showed better speech recognition performance than DFNA9/COCH-affected patients.
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