Progressive histopathological changes in pancreatic islets of Zucker Diabetic Fatty rats.
SourceExperimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes, 109, 5, (2001), pp. 273--82
Article / Letter to editor
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Molecular Animal Physiology
Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
SubjectTumor pathology; Chemical Endocrinology; Tumor pathologie
Thus far, histopathological changes in the pancreatic islets of Zucker Diabetic Fatty (ZDF) rats, an animal model of type 2 diabetes mellitus (or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), have only been studied in male rats and in 18-weeks old rats or younger. In this study, we have examined in both male and female ZDF rats the histopathological changes longitudinally, from 6 to 32 weeks of age. We studied islet architecture and cellular distribution of the various islet hormones both in ZDF and control rats. In the ZDF rats, aging was initially associated with an enlargement of the islets. From 18 weeks onwards, no further enlargement was noted but islet boundaries became increasingly irregular, leading to the appearance of projections of endocrine cells into the surrounding exocrine tissue. At the islet boundaries as well as within the islets progressive fibrosis was observed with increasing amounts of collagen and reticular fibers. In the islets, staining intensity of both insulin and islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP) increased slightly till 10 weeks of age and thereafter decreased rapidly. In contrast, the staining intensities of glucagon, somatostatin, and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) did not change. Even at the age of 32 weeks, just the beta-cells and not the other endocrine islet cells appear to be affected. In control rats, aging evoked only minor changes. Thus, we observed that during prolonged development of diabetes mellitus in both male and female ZDF rats histopathological changes in the pancreatic islets became progressively more severe, eventually leading to disintegration of the islets.
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