The MRP4/ABCC4 gene encodes a novel apical organic anion transporter in human kidney proximal tubules: putative efflux pump for urinary cAMP and cGMP.
SourceJournal of the American Society of Nephrology, 13, 3, (2002), pp. 595-603
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
SubjectMetabolism and Toxicology; Regulation of salt and water reabsorption in the renal collecting duct; Metabolisme en Toxicologie; Regulatie water en zouttransport in de verzamelbuis van de nier
The cyclic nucleotides cAMP and cGMP play key roles in cellular signaling and the extracellular regulation of fluid balance. In the kidney, cAMP is excreted across the apical proximal tubular membrane into urine, where it reduces phosphate reabsorption through a dipyridamole-sensitive mechanism that is not fully understood. It has long been known that this cAMP efflux pathway is dependent on ATP and is inhibited by probenecid. However, its identity and whether cGMP shares the same transporter have not been established. Here the expression, localization, and functional properties of human multidrug resistance protein 4 (MRP4) are reported. MRP4 is localized to the proximal tubule apical membrane of human kidney, and membrane vesicles from Sf9 cells expressing human MRP4 exhibit ATP-dependent transport of [(3)H]cAMP and [(3)H]cGMP. Both probenecid and dipyridamole are potent MRP4 inhibitors. ATP-dependent [(3)H]methotrexate and [(3)H]estradiol-17beta-D-glucuronide transport by MRP4 and interactions with the anionic conjugates S-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-glutathione, N-acetyl-(2,4-dinitrophenyl)-cysteine, alpha-naphthyl-beta-D-glucuronide, and p-nitrophenyl-beta-D-glucuronide are also demonstrated. In kidneys of rats deficient in the apical anionic conjugate efflux pump Mrp2, Mrp4 expression is maintained at the same level. It is concluded that MRP4 is a novel apical organic anion transporter and the putative efflux pump for cAMP and cGMP in human kidney proximal tubules.
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