Measurement of thiopurine S-methyltransferase activity in human blood samples based on high-performance liquid chromatography: reference values in erythrocytes from children.
SourceAnnals of Clinical Biochemistry, 40, Pt 1, (2003), pp. 86-93
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
iss. Pt 1
SubjectUMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation
BACKGROUND: Monitoring 6-thiopurine S-methyltransferase (TPMT; EC 184.108.40.206) activity is especially important when patients are treated with 6-thiopurine drugs, since severe bone marrow toxicity may be induced if patients have deficient TPMT activity. METHODS: We have developed a method based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for the measurement of TPMT activity in various cell types: erythrocytes (RBC), human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (pMNC) and human malignant lymphoblasts (Molt-F4). The enzymatic activity is measured by the amount of 6-methylmercaptopurine formed, using 6-mercaptopurine (6MP) as substrate and S-adenosylmethionine as co-substrate. RESULTS: The K(m) values calculated for 6MP were 0.54 (RBC), 0.85 (pMNC) and 0.65 (Molt-F4 cells) mmol/L. The K(m) values for S-adenosylmethionine were 11.9 (RBC), 16.4 (pMNC) and 6.65 (Molt-F4 cells) micro mol/L. The assay variation was 8.2-17%. TPMT activity was determined in a control group of 103 children and young adults (44 female, 59 male). The values observed were (mean +/- standard deviation): female children and young adults, 15.1 +/- 4.8 pmol/10(7) cells per h (n = 44); male children and young adults, 15.8 +/- 6.4 pmol/10(7) cells per h (n = 59). No gender or age differences were found. CONCLUSION: The HPLC-based method enables the rapid screening of TPMT activities in large groups of patients treated with 6-thiopurines.
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