Non-surgical treatment of condylar fractures in adults: a retrospective analysis.
SourceJournal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery, 31, 3, (2003), pp. 162-167
Article / Letter to editor
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Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery
SubjectUMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the results of non-surgical treatment of condylar fractures in a group of 60 patients with 71 condylar fractures, in order to establish a protocol to select patients for surgical treatment of condylar fractures. MATERIAL: Out of a group of 91 patients treated in a non-surgical fashion, 60 patients with a total of 71 condylar fractures responded to the request for follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective study, including clinical analysis of occlusion, asymmetry at rest and during mouth opening, maximum interincisal distance, signs of TMJ-dysfunction and analysis of radiographic data, i.e. shortening of the ascending ramus as measured on sequential orthopantomograms. RESULTS: There were five patients (8%) with an unacceptable malocclusion of which one also had considerably limited mouth opening. Fifty-five patients (92%) had none or only minor signs of TMJ-dysfunction not requiring further treatment. CONCLUSION: Only in selected patients with shortening of the ascending ramus of 8mm or more and/or considerable displacement of the condylar fragment, surgical repositioning and rigid internal fixation should be considered.
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