Human neutrophil defensins induce lung epithelial cell proliferation in vitro.
until further notice
SourceJournal of Leukocyte Biology, 72, 1, (2002), pp. 167-174
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Leukocyte Biology
SubjectTumor pathology; Tumor pathologie
Repair of injured airway epithelium is often accompanied by an influx of leukocytes, and these cells have been suggested to contribute to the repair process. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of neutrophil defensins--antimicrobial peptides present in large amounts in the neutrophil--on proliferation of cultured lung epithelial cells. Neutrophil defensins at 4-10 microg/ml enhanced proliferation of the A549 lung epithelial cell line as assessed using cell counting, BrdU incorporation, and the tetrazolium salt MTT assay. Higher, cytotoxic concentrations of defensins decreased cell proliferation. Whereas defensin-induced cell proliferation was not inhibited by the EGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478, it was completely inhibited by the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor U0126, suggesting that defensins mediate cell proliferation via an EGF receptor-independent, MAP kinase signaling pathway. Although the cytotoxic effect of defensins was inhibited by alpha1-proteinase inhibitor, the defensin-induced cell proliferation was not affected. These data suggest that neutrophil defensins may possibly be involved in epithelial repair in the airways by inducing lung epithelial cell proliferation.
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