Effect of fibronectin- and collagen I-coated titanium fiber mesh on proliferation and differentiation of osteogenic cells.
SourceTissue Engineering, 9, 3, (2003), pp. 505-515
Article / Letter to editor
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Periodontology and Biomaterials
SubjectUMCN 4.3: Tissue engineering and reconstructive surgery
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of fibronectin and collagen I coatings on titanium fiber mesh on the proliferation and osteogenic differentiation of rat bone marrow cells. Three main treatment groups were investigated in addition to uncoated titanium fiber meshes: meshes coated with fibronectin, meshes coated with collagen I, and meshes coated first with collagen I and then subsequently with fibronectin. Rat bone marrow cells were cultured for 1, 4, 8, and 16 days in plain and coated titanium fiber meshes. In addition, a portion of each of these coating treatment groups was cultured in the presence of antibodies against fibronectin and collagen I integrins. To evaluate cellular proliferation and differentiation, constructs were examined for DNA, osteocalcin, and calcium content and alkaline phosphatase activity. There were no significant effects of the coatings on cellular proliferation as indicated by the DNA quantification analysis. When antibodies against fibronectin and collagen I integrins were used, a significant reduction (p < 0.05) in cell proliferation was observed for the uncoated titanium meshes, meshes coated with collagen, and meshes coated with collagen and fibronectin. The different coatings also did not affect the alkaline phosphatase activity of the cells seeded on the coated meshes. However, the presence of antibodies against fibronectin or collagen I integrins resulted in significantly delayed expression of alkaline phosphatase activity for uncoated titanium meshes, meshes coated with collagen, and meshes coated with collagen and fibronectin. Calcium measurements did not reveal a significant effect of fibronectin or collagen I coating on calcium deposition in the meshes. Also, no difference in calcium content was observed in the uncoated titanium meshes and meshes coated with fibronectin when antibodies against fibronectin or collagen I integrins were present. Meshes coated with both collagen I and fibronectin showed significantly higher calcium content when cultured in the presence of antibodies to collagen and fibronectin integrins. A similar phenomenon was also observed for collagen-coated meshes cultured in the presence of antibodies to fibronectin integrins. No significant differences in osteocalcin content were observed between the treatment groups. However, all groups exposed to antibodies against fibronectin integrins showed a significant decrease in osteocalcin content on day 16. These results show that a fibronectin or collagen I coating does not stimulate the differentiation of rat bone marrow cells seeded in a titanium fiber mesh.
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