Relationship between mood related disorders and quality of life in a population of Dutch adult psychiatric outpatients
until further notice
SourceDepression and Anxiety, 23, 6, (2006), pp. 353-363
Article / Letter to editor
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SW OZ BSI KLP
Depression and Anxiety
SubjectExperimental Psychopathology and Treatment
Our objective was to investigate explicitly the relationship between mood-related disorders (MRDs) and quality of life (QOL), while trying to overcome the limitations of earlier research. QOL scores of psychiatric outpatients with MRDs were compared with QOL scores of outpatients without MRD and a sample of the general Dutch population (GDP). QOL was assessed with the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment instrument, long version (WHOQOL-100), and depressive symptoms were assessed with the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90). Outpatients with MRD bad lower scores on all aspects of the WHOQOL-100 compared with the GDP Compared with outpatients without MRD, the outpatients with MRD scored lower on most aspects of the WHOQOL-100. Within the group with MRDs, patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) had lower QOL scores compared with patients with dysthymic disorder or adjustment disorder with depressed mood. Severity of MRD and MDD was negatively related to QOL. Comorbid personality disorders worsened QOL. Within the group with MRDs, common variance between depressive symptoms and QOL did not exceed 25%. MRDs are negatively related with QOL. Severity of MRD and comorbidity of personality disorders decrease QOL further. MRDs affect all domains and facets of QOL. The relationship found between MRDs and QOL was not caused by an overlap between the concepts depressive symptoms and QOL, shown by the relative small common valiance between (depressive) symptoms and QOL.
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