Il-4 and IL-13, but not IL-10, protect human synoviocytes from apoptosis.
SourceJournal of Immunology, 166, 4, (2001), pp. 2775-2782
Article / Letter to editor
Display more detailsDisplay less details
Journal of Immunology
SubjectChronic arthritis: Pathogenesis and treatment; Chronische arthritis: Pathogenese en behandeling
Interleukin-4, which has been contemplated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and/or osteoarthritis because of its anticatabolic properties, has also been shown to modulate apoptosis. Because inadequate apoptosis is thought to contribute to synovial hyperplasia, we have investigated the ability of IL-4 and other Th2 cytokines to protect human synovial cells from apoptosis. Human synoviocytes or synovial explants were pretreated with IL-4, IL-10, and IL-13 before exposure to NO donor sodium-nitro-prusside (SNP). Apoptosis was evaluated by microscopy, annexin V-FITC, 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-gl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxylphenyl)-2-(4-sulphophenyl -2H: tetrazolium inner salt (MTS) test, pulse field gel electrophoresis, and a method proposed in this study based on (32)P Klenow end labeling of high m.w. DNA. Pretreatment by IL-4 or IL-13, but not IL-10, protected human synoviocytes from apoptosis induced by SNP. Even at doses as high as 2 mM SNP, up to 86% and 56% protection was achieved, after IL-4 and IL-13 treatment, respectively. Cell survival was dependent on IL concentration. IL-4 and IL-13 also had antiapoptotic effects on SNP-treated human synovial explants. Effects of IL-4 and IL-13 varied in the presence of phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase and protein kinase C inhibitors, implying the involvement of these pathways in antiapoptotic signaling. Antiapoptotic effects were dramatically inhibited by LY294002, and partially by the protein kinase C inhibitor Go 6976, while insulin-like growth factor increased synoviocyte survival. The possibility that IL-4 and IL-13 may enhance synovial expansion in vivo by their antiapoptotic effects is discussed.
Upload full text
Use your RU credentials (u/z-number and password) to log in with SURFconext to upload a file for processing by the repository team.