Tissue ingrowth and degradation of two biodegradable porous polymers with different porosities and pore sizes.
SourceBiomaterials, 23, 8, (2002), pp. 1731-1738
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectMechano-biology of musculoskeletal tissues; Mechano-biologie van bindweefsels i.r.t. orthopaedische reconstructies
Commonly, spontaneous repair of lesions in the avascular zone of the knee meniscus does not occur. By implanting a porous polymer scaffold in a knee meniscus defect, the lesion is connected with the abundantly vascularized knee capsule and healing can be realized. Ingrowth of fibrovascular tissue and thus healing capacity depended on porosity, pore sizes and compression modulus of the implant. To study the lesion healing potential, two series of porous polyurethanes based on 50/50 epsilon-caprolactone/L-lactide with different porosities and pore sizes were implanted subcutaneously in rats. Also, in vitro degradation of the polymer was evaluated. The porous polymers with the higher porosity, more interconnected macropores, and interconnecting micropores of at least 30 microm showed complete ingrowth of tissue before degradation had started. In implants with the lower macro-porosity and micropores of 10-15 microm degradation of the polymer occurred before ingrowth was completed. Directly after implantation and later during degradation of the polymer, PMN cells infiltrated the implant. In between these phases the foreign body reaction remained restricted to macrophages and giant cells. We can conclude that both foams seemed not suited for implantation in meniscal reconstruction while either full ingrowth of tissue was not realized before polymer degradation started or the compression modulus was too low. Therefore, foams must be developed with a higher compression modulus and more connections with sufficient diameter between the macropores.
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