French Trade Policy During the GATT Uruguay Round: Between Domestic and International Constraints
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Paper presented at the International Political Studies Association Conference., 10 juli 2012
Madrid : [S.n.]
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Politicologie t/m 2019
SubjectDistributional Conflicts in a Globalizing World: Consequences for State-Market-Civil Society Arrangements
During the GATT Uruguay Round (1986-1993) France was one of the most conservative European member states and succeeded in influencing European position taking on agricultural trade liberalization. France’s recalcitrant position is often considered an outcome of purely domestic political considerations, including in particular the pressure of the French farm lobby. Based on extensive empirical research this paper will show that there is insufficient evidence for this claim and that French farm lobby influence is grossly overstated. Instead, I will show that in order to understand French preference formation on the agricultural chapter of the Uruguay Round, both France’s domestic and its international interests need to be taken into account. Furthermore, I will show that political and economic interest only explain part of the story. France’s ideational interests (based on its policy paradigms and identity) played an important role in French preference formation. Ideational considerations at times strengthened the behavioural incentives based on France’s political and economic interests and aided the government in selling their position to the domestic audience, and sometimes even trumped material interest when the two were at odds.
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