Recirculation in double lumen catheter veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation measured by an ultrasound dilution technique.
SourceAsaio Journal, 47, 4, (2001), pp. 372--6
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
SubjectDisturbances of cerebral development in the young child.; Epidemiology; Cerebrale ontwikkelingsstoornissen bij het jonge kind; Epidemiologie
Recirculation is a limiting factor for oxygen delivery in double lumen catheter veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (DLVV-ECMO). This study compares three different methods for the determination of the recirculation fraction during double lumen catheter veno-venous ECMO at ECMO flow rates of 150, 125, 100, 75, and 50 ml/kg.min in nine lambs: (1) an ultrasound dilution method, in which the change in ultrasound velocity in blood after injection of a saline bolus as a marker is used for determination of recirculation; (2) an SvO2 method using real mixed venous blood oxygen saturation, the gold standard, for determination of recirculation fraction; and (3) the CVL method, in which oxygen saturation of a blood sample of the inferior vena cava is considered to represent mixed venous oxygen saturation. In all methods, the recirculation fraction increased with increasing ECMO flow rate. The correlation coefficient between the ultrasound dilution method and the SvO2 method was 0.68 (p < 0.01); mean difference was -2.4% (p = 0.6). Correlation coefficient between the ultrasound dilution method and the CVL method was 0.48 (p < 0.01); mean difference was -18.1% (p < 0.01). The correlation coefficient between the SvO2 method and the CVL method was 0.51 (p < 0.01); mean difference was -15.7% (p < 0.01). The ultrasound dilution method is a useful method for measurement of the recirculation fraction in DLVV-ECMO and is easier to use than the other methods.
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- Faculty of Medical Sciences 
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