Glutathione S-transferase Mu null genotype affords protection against alcohol induced chronic pancreatitis.
SourceAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics, 120A, 1, (2003), pp. 34-9
Article / Letter to editor
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American Journal of Medical Genetics
SubjectUMCN 5.1: Genetic defects of metabolism
Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) play critical roles in providing protection against electrophiles and products of oxidative stress, by catalysing the formation of glutathione conjugates and by eliminating peroxides. Most extensively studied are four main families of human cytosolic GST: GSTAlpha(A), GSTMu(M), GSTPi(P) and GSTTheta(T). Absence of GSTM1 or GSTT1 can be attributed to absence of the GSTM1 or GSTT1 gene products (null genotype) in approximately 50% and 20% of the Caucasian population, respectively. We investigated whether polymorphisms in the GSTM1, GSTT1 and GSTP1 genes modified the risk for chronic pancreatitis (CP). DNA samples were obtained from 142 adult CP patients with alcoholic (n = 79), hereditary (n = 21) or idiopathic (n = 42) origin. DNA from 204 healthy controls and from 57 alcoholic controls was analysed for comparison. Patients and controls were all of Caucasian origin. Genetic polymorphisms in GSTs were determined by PCR, eventually followed by restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism analyses in all subjects. The rates of GSTT1 and GSTP1 genotypes did not differ between CP patients and healthy controls. However, GSTM1 null genotypes were significantly less common in alcoholic CP patients (OR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.33-0.95) as compared to healthy controls and to alcoholic controls (OR = 0.52, 95% CI: 0.26-1.04). Age- and sex-adjustment bolstered our finding (adjusted OR = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.26-0.89). The frequency of the GSTM1 null genotype is significantly lower in alcoholic CP patients, especially young female. This suggests that GSTM1 null alcohol users, particularly young female, are less susceptible to CP.
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