Durable HIV-1 suppression with indinavir after failing lamivudine-containing double nucleoside therapy: a randomized controlled trial.
SourceAntiviral Therapy, 6, 1, (2001), pp. 55-6-62
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRational Use of Drugs and Pharmaco-epidemiology; Rationeel Geneesmiddelengebruik en Farmaco-epidemiologie
OBJECTIVE: To assess the durability of the antiretroviral effect in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of antiviral therapy intensification, produced by the addition of indinavir from week 12 onwards to the original regimen of zidovudine/lamivudine or stavudine/lamivudine, after 72 weeks of follow-up using an ultrasensitive HIV-1 RNA assay. To assess CSF concentrations of indinavir at week 48. DESIGN: In a prospectively, randomized, open, single-centre study, antiretroviral-naive patients (CD4 cell count > or =200 cells/microl and a plasma HIV-1 RNA level 10,000 copies/ml) were assigned to a combination of zidovudine/lamivudine or stavudine/lamivudine. Indinavir could be added to the double nucleoside analogue regimen from week 12 or thereafter in case the plasma HIV RNA level was insufficiently suppressed (>500 copies/ml). RESULTS: Forty-seven patients were enrolled (23 stavudine/lamivudine and 24 zidovudine/lamivudine), of whom 33 completed a follow-up of 72 weeks. Indinavir was added in 89% (42/47) of the patients. Only one discontinuation occurred due to virological failure. At week 72, the median plasma HIV-1 RNA levels in the zidovudine/lamivudine group had decreased from 4.80 log10 copies/ml to <500 copies/ml in 100% of patients and <50 copies/ml in 86.6% of the patients. In the stavudine/lamivudine group the plasma HIV-1 RNA decreased from 4.98 log10 copies/ml at baseline to <500 copies/ml in 100% of patients and <50 copies/ml in 66.7% of the patients. On an intent-to-treat basis these figures were 54.2 and 52.2% for zidovudine/lamivudine and stavudine/lamivudine, respectively, for the 50 copies/ml assay. The median CD4 cell count increased from 315 cells/microl, with 150 cells/microl in the zidovudine/lamivudine arm, and from 290 cells/microl, with 310 cells/microl in the stavudine/lamivudine arm (P=0.0001). However, the percentage of CD4 cells did not differ in each group. In the zidovudine/lamivudine group 9/10 and 5/5, and in the stavudine/lamivudine group 11/11 and 6/6 had a CSF HIV-1 RNA level <50 copies/ml at week 12 and 48, respectively. The CSF indinavir concentration ranged from 50 to 170 ng/ml. CONCLUSION: The long-term HIV-1 suppression observed in this study is remarkable, as adding a single antiretroviral agent to a failing regimen goes against current notions of adequate therapy.
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