Pharmacokinetics and immunological aspects of a phase Ib study with intratumoral administration of recombinant human interleukin-12 in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma: a decrease of T-bet in peripheral blood mononuclear cells.
SourceClinical Cancer Research, 9, 8, (2003), pp. 2950-2956
Article / Letter to editor
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Leerstoel Praktische filosofie
Clinical Cancer Research
SubjectUMCN 1.3: Tumor microenvironment; UMCN 1.4: Immunotherapy, gene therapy and transplantation; UMCN 3.3: Neurosensory disorders; UMCN 4.1: Microbial pathogenesis and host defense
The aim of this study was to evaluate the tolerability of intratumoral administered recombinant human interleukin-12 (rhIL-12) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Six patients were treated once a week at two dose levels of 100 or 300 ng/kg, respectively, up to 24 weeks. The primary end point was to assess the toxicity and safety of intratumoral injected rhIL-12 in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma patients; the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of rhIL-12 and any evidence of antitumor effect were also determined. Toxicity was mild, with prolonged grade 4 lymphopenia observed in only one patient. No dose-limiting toxicities occurred. In all six patients, the rhIL-12 was detectable in plasma within 30 min. Significant reductions in absolute number of peripheral blood lymphocytes and all lymphocyte subsets, especially cytotoxic T cells and natural killer cells, were observed that were maximal between 12 and 24 h. Maximal plasma concentrations of IFN-gamma and IL-10 were detected after 12 h. A real-time semiquantitative PCR analysis in peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed a mean increase of mRNA encoding IFN-gamma of 2.2 times relative to the pretreatment sample. An unexpected, significant decrease of 80% in T-bet mRNA, a T-helper 1 transcription factor, was detected after 12 h, with normalization after 48-72 h. No complete or partial responses were observed. In one patient, a 40% regression of a tumor lesion was noted. In conclusion, rhIL-12 at these dose levels and schedule was well tolerated and resulted in measurable immunological responses.
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