Amplitude-based optimal respiratory gating in positron emission tomography in patients with primary lung cancer
SourceEuropean Radiology, 24, (2014), pp. 3242-3250
Article / Letter to editor
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SubjectRadboudumc 0: Other Research RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 14: Tumours of the digestive tract RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Respiratory motion during PET imaging introduces quantitative and diagnostic inaccuracies, which may result in non-optimal patient management. This study investigated the effects of respiratory gating on image quantification using an amplitude-based optimal respiratory gating (ORG) algorithm.Whole body FDG-PET/CT was performed in 66 lung cancer patients. The respiratory signal was obtained using a pressure sensor integrated in an elastic belt placed around the patient's thorax. ORG images were reconstructed with 50 \%, 35 \%, and 20 \% of acquired PET data (duty cycle). Lesions were grouped into anatomical locations. Differences in lesion volume between ORG and non-gated images, and mean FDG-uptake (SUVmean) were calculated.Lesions in the middle and lower lobes demonstrated a significant SUVmean increase for all duty cycles and volume decrease for duty cycles of 35 \% and 20 \%. Significant increase in SUVmean and decrease in volume for lesions in the upper lobes were observed for a 20 \% duty cycle. The SUVmean increase for central lesions was significant for all duty cycles, whereas a significant volume decrease was observed for a duty cycle of 20 \%.This study implies that ORG could influence clinical PET imaging with respect to response monitoring and radiotherapy planning.• Quantifying lesion volume and uptake in PET is important for patient management • Respiratory motion artefacts introduce inaccuracies in quantification of PET images • Amplitude-based optimal respiratory gating maintains image quality through selection of duty cycle • The effect of respiratory gating on lesion quantification depends on anatomical location.
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