The role of ZmpC in the clinical manifestation of invasive pneumococcal disease
SourceInternational Journal of Medical Microbiology, 304, 8, (2014), pp. 984-989
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
International Journal of Medical Microbiology
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences; Radboudumc 9: Rare cancers RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
INTRODUCTION: The clinical severity and course of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) differs substantially between patients. Streptococcus pneumoniae harbors large genetic variability. Zinc metalloproteinase C (ZmpC), a secreted pneumococcal protein involved in neutrophil extravasation, inflammation and tissue remodeling, is present in a minority of IPD isolates. We investigated whether the presence of zmpC was associated with the clinical manifestation of IPD. MATERIAL AND METHODS: IPD patients admitted to two Dutch hospitals between 2000 and 2013 were included in the study. Detailed clinical data were collected and the serotype and presence of zmpC were determined in the corresponding blood culture isolates. RESULTS: ZmpC was present in 21% of the 542 included IPD cases and was mainly associated with serotypes 8, 4, 33A/F and 11A/D. Infection with S. pneumoniae positive for zmpC was more frequently observed in females (p=0.048) and patients with a history of smoking (p=0.033). Although no relation to clinical syndrome was observed, zmpC positive cases more often presented with cough, dyspnea and sepsis (p-values 0.026, 0.001 and 0.018), and more frequently required ICU admission (p=0.011) compared to zmpC negative cases. CONCLUSION: The presence of zmpC was associated with a more severe clinical manifestation of IPD. This study demonstrates that information on pneumococcal genetic background may be useful to identify vulnerable individuals, to monitor clinical presentation and to predict the course of IPD.
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