Fast 2-D ultrasound strain imaging: the benefits of using a GPU
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SourceIEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, 61, (2014), pp. 207-213
Article / Letter to editor
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Paediatrics - OUD tm 2017
IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
SubjectRadboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
Deformation of tissue can be accurately estimated from radio-frequency ultrasound data using a 2-dimensional normalized cross correlation (NCC)-based algorithm. This procedure, however, is very computationally time-consuming. A major time reduction can be achieved by parallelizing the numerous computations of NCC. In this paper, two approaches for parallelization have been investigated: the OpenMP interface on a multi-CPU system and Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) on a graphics processing unit (GPU). The performance of the OpenMP and GPU approaches were compared with a conventional Matlab implementation of NCC. The OpenMP approach with 8 threads achieved a maximum speed-up factor of 132 on the computing of NCC, whereas the GPU approach on an Nvidia Tesla K20 achieved a maximum speed-up factor of 376. Neither parallelization approach resulted in a significant loss in image quality of the elastograms. Parallelization of the NCC computations using the GPU, therefore, significantly reduces the computation time and increases the frame rate for motion estimation.
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