Enhanced receptor-clathrin interactions induced by N-glycan-mediated membrane micropatterning
SourceProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 111, 30, (2014), pp. 11037-11042
Article / Letter to editor
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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA
SubjectRadboudumc 2: Cancer development and immune defence RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Glycan-protein interactions are emerging as important modulators of membrane protein organization and dynamics, regulating multiple cellular functions. In particular, it has been postulated that glycan-mediated interactions regulate surface residence time of glycoproteins and endocytosis. How this precisely occurs is poorly understood. Here we applied single-molecule-based approaches to directly visualize the impact of glycan-based interactions on the spatiotemporal organization and interaction with clathrin of the glycosylated pathogen recognition receptor dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing nonintegrin (DC-SIGN). We find that cell surface glycan-mediated interactions do not influence the nanoscale lateral organization of DC-SIGN but restrict the mobility of the receptor to distinct micrometer-size membrane regions. Remarkably, these regions are enriched in clathrin, thereby increasing the probability of DC-SIGN-clathrin interactions beyond random encountering. N-glycan removal or neutralization leads to larger membrane exploration and reduced interaction with clathrin, compromising clathrin-dependent internalization of virus-like particles by DC-SIGN. Therefore, our data reveal that cell surface glycan-mediated interactions add another organization layer to the cell membrane at the microscale and establish a novel mechanism of extracellular membrane organization based on the compartments of the membrane that a receptor is able to explore. Our work underscores the important and complex role of surface glycans regulating cell membrane organization and interaction with downstream partners.
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