Efficacy of ovarian tissue cryopreservation in a major European center
SourceJournal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics, 31, 8, (2014), pp. 1003-1012
Article / Letter to editor
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Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
SubjectRadboudumc 17: Women's cancers RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences; Radboudumc 18: Healthcare improvement science RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of cryopreservation and thawing of ovarian tissue from oncological patients opting for fertility preservation on ovarian tissue viability. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, the ovarian tissue viability before and after cryopreservation and thawing was measured for 25 newly diagnosed oncological patients who had their ovarian tissue cryopreserved. Outcome measures were follicle integrity (histology), follicle viability (Calcein viability assay), steroid hormone production (estradiol and progesterone production in vitro) and overall tissue viability (glucose uptake in vitro). This study was conducted at a Cryobank for storage of ovarian tissue in a university hospital. RESULTS: Cryopreserved/thawed ovarian tissue showed a decreased glucose uptake when compared to tissue that had not been cryopreserved. In addition, a diminished E2 and P4 production was observed after cryopreservation and thawing, despite the fact that numbers of viable follicles as determined by the Calcein viability assay were comparable. Histological examination revealed a higher percentage of degenerated follicles after cryopreservation and thawing. CONCLUSIONS: Ovarian tissue cryopreservation and thawing impairs the viability of ovarian tissue in oncological patients opting for fertility preservation.
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