Effects of interleukin-1 blockade with anakinra on aerobic exercise capacity in patients with heart failure and preserved ejection fraction (from the D-HART pilot study)
SourceAmerican Journal of Cardiology, 113, 2, (2014), pp. 321-7
Article / Letter to editor
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American Journal of Cardiology
SubjectRadboudumc 4: lnfectious Diseases and Global Health RIMLS: Radboud Institute for Molecular Life Sciences
Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a clinical syndrome of exercise intolerance due to impaired myocardial relaxation and/or increased stiffness. Patients with HFpEF often show signs of chronic systemic inflammation, and experimental studies have shown that interleukin-1 (IL-1), a key proinflammatory cytokine, impairs myocardial relaxation. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of IL-1 blockade with anakinra on aerobic exercise capacity in patients with HFpEF and plasma C-reactive protein (CRP) >2 mg/L (reflecting increased IL-1 activity). A total of 12 patients were enrolled in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial and assigned 1:1 to receive 1 of the 2 treatments (anakinra 100 mg or placebo) for 14 days and an additional 14 days of the alternate treatment (placebo or anakinra). The cardiopulmonary exercise test was performed at baseline, after the first 14 days, and after the second 14 days of treatment. The placebo-corrected interval change in peak oxygen consumption was chosen as the primary end point. All 12 patients enrolled in the present study and receiving treatment completed both phases and experienced no major adverse events. Anakinra led to a statistically significant improvement in peak oxygen consumption (+1.2 ml/kg/min, p = 0.009) and a significant reduction in plasma CRP levels (-74%, p = 0.006). The reduction in CRP levels correlated with the improvement in peak oxygen consumption (R = -0.60, p = 0.002). Three patients (25%) had mild and self-limiting injection site reactions. In conclusion, IL-1 blockade with anakinra for 14 days significantly reduced the systemic inflammatory response and improved the aerobic exercise capacity of patients with HFpEF and elevated plasma CRP levels.
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