Does wave reflection explain the increase in blood pressure during leg crossing?
SourceBlood Pressure Monitoring, 19, 3, (2014), pp. 129-133
Article / Letter to editor
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Blood Pressure Monitoring
SubjectRadboudumc 13: Stress-related disorders DCMN: Donders Center for Medical Neuroscience; Radboudumc 16: Vascular damage RIHS: Radboud Institute for Health Sciences
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of crossing legs at the knee level on wave reflection, as measured by the augmentation index. METHODS: Forty-two participants crossed their legs at the knee level (popliteal fossa over the suprapatellar bursa) in the sitting position for 12 min. One trained investigator performed the measurements before, during, and after leg crossing. We used the SphygmoCor to measure the augmentation index at the radial artery and an oscillometric device to measure blood pressure (BP) at the upper arm. We calculated the differences between the uncrossed and the crossed position for the augmentation index normalized for heart rate, peripheral BP, and central BP. RESULTS: Both peripheral systolic BP 2.5 +/- 6.5 (mean +/- SD) mmHg (0.5-4.6) (95% confidence interval) and peripheral diastolic BP 1.7 +/- 3.8 mmHg (0.5-2.9) increased during leg crossing compared with the uncrossed position. In addition, central systolic BP 2.8 +/- 5.8 (0.9-4.6) and central diastolic BP 1.8 +/- 3.9 (0.5-3.0) increased, whereas no significant change in the augmentation index was observed. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that the increase in BP during leg crossing cannot be explained by wave reflection. We found no change in the augmentation index during leg crossing at the knee level. Central BP and peripheral BP are equally influenced by leg crossing.
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